SMOS Mission Extended to 2021!

Category : CATDS, Data, L1, L2, L3, L4, Non classé, Satellite

I am glad to inform you that yesterday the Program Board for Earth Observation (PB-EO) of ESA voted the SMOS mission extension following the ACEO (Advisory Committee for Earth Observation) review report:

« Member states’ delegations were very positive about both the achievements so far as well as the detailed plan being put forward for the extension. « 

CNES (the French Space Agency also funding the mission exploitation), has already granted funding until 2021 (actually 2019 with extension to 2021 pending PB-EO vote which we now have).

So, should everything go nicely with the satellite and platform, we have data guaranteed until  2021!

Congratulations and many thanks to all the actors of this success.

SMOS is now over 9 year old and still going strong by the way!

Yann

Special Issue « New Outstanding Results over Land from the SMOS Mission »

Category : Data

from Amen Al-Yaari and Arnaud Mialon

Call for publications

Dear Colleagues,

Surface soil moisture (the water content in the first centimeters of soil) is an essential climate variable that plays an important role in land–atmosphere interactions. Soil moisture is widely used in improving climate model predictions/projections, weather forecasting, drought monitoring, rainfall estimations, etc.

Monitoring surface soil moisture at a global scale has recently become possible thanks to microwave remote sensing. SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) was the first dedicated soil moisture mission that has been in orbit for eight years. The SMOS satellite was launched by the European Space Agency (ESA) in 2009, carrying on board a radiometer in the L-band frequency with a native spatial resolution of ~43 km. Since then, soil moisture and vegetation optical depth (VOD) have been retrieved from multi-angular brightness temperature observations relying mainly on a radiative transfer model.

This is a dedicated Special Issue on SMOS. We welcome studies on all subjects that are related to the SMOS satellite and its products.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • the improvements in the soil moisture/VOD retrieval algorithms;
  • the evaluation/validation of the SMOS soil moisture and VOD products;
  • SMOS synergy with other remote sensing observations or models simulations;
  • SMOS soil moisture/VOD applications for agriculture, hydrology, etc.

Dr. Amen Al-Yaari
Dr. Arnaud Mialon
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Remote Sensing is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI’s English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

http://www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing/special_issues/smos_rs

Research Engineer in Remote Sensing: Characterising Uncertainties in Satellite Sea Surface Salinity

Category : Ocean, position opening

A research engineer position is open at the Laboratoire d’Océanographie et du Climat – Expérimentation et Approches Numériques (LOCEAN)/ Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), PARIS, starting as soon as possible. The position is open for one year, renewable for 2 years depending on the candidate performance.

Context:

The SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) mission is the first Earth-observing satellite mission carrying an L-band radiometer interferometer. Since its launch at the end of 2009, it has acquired more than 8 years of data that demonstrate the feasibility of the sea surface salinity retrieved by satellite with remarkable spatial resolution compared to other techniques. It has also opened new research perspectives. This unique 8-year salinity time series has permitted unique analyses of salinity variability, linked to oceanic meso-scale and to El Niño type events. Two other satellite missions, Aquarius (2011-2015, CONAE/NASA) and SMAP (2015-, NASA), also based on L-band radiometry, have been providing complementary synoptic salinity measurements leading to an unprecedented spatial coverage. Nevertheless, uncertainties on retrieved salinities differ depending on the radiometer type, the observation geometry, the calibration method, and on the direct and inverse models.

The LOCEAN team is involved since 1999 in the definition of the direct and inverse models applicable to SMOS and in the calibration-validation of the SMOS measurements. It is recognized as SMOS expert support laboratory by the European Spatial Agency (ESA) and by the Centre Aval de Traitement des Données SMOS funded by Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES). The selected candidate will join the LOCEAN team involved in the physics of the L-band radiometry, in the satellite salinity validation and in the understanding of responsible processes for the observed differences between satellites and in situ measurements, in particular those associated with air-sea interactions, vertical stratification and small-scale variability (www.locean-ipsl.upmc.fr/smos/ and siss.locean-ipsl.upmc.fr).

Work details :

- Characterization of uncertainties of satellite salinity products based on intercomparisons of the various satellite products and comparisons with in situ measurements. This work will be based on existing tools that the selected engineer will adapt to focus on case studies allowing the identification of the uncertainties origin. It will be performed in strong collaboration with researchers and engineers of the LOCEAN SMOS team.

- SMOS data processor development assessment in collaboration with the engineers and researchers in charge of its evolution. Participation to regular progress meetings (teleconferences) of CATDS (2-3 per year).

- Support to users (in French and English)

-Writing of technical papers and participation to scientific papers is possible, depending on the obtained results.

Required Skills:

-       Physics of satellite measurement

-       Data statistical analysis and critical interpretation of the results

-       Autonomy and team collaborative working

-       Python / Matlab ; LINUX

-       Interest in team software development: object-oriented programming, code refactoring & automated testing (e.g. pytest), version control (e.g. Git), code documentation.

Appreciated Skills:

-       Optimization for large dataset processing

-       Interest for environmental science

-       French and English

Level: Research Engineer (PhD thesis or equivalent). Master 2 in remote sensing will also be considered.

Address : LOCEAN, Sorbonne Université, Tour 45-55, 5E, 4, place Jussieu, 75005 PARIS, FRANCE.

Salary : about 1900E monthly net, commensurable with qualification and experience of the candidate (CNRS salary grid)

Candidates should send a statement of interest, CV and coordinates of 2 referees to  Jacqueline Boutin (jb@locean-ipsl.upmc.fr) and Dimitry Khvorostyanov (dimitry.khvorostyanov@locean.upmc.fr ).

Breaking news –> SMOS new LEVEL 2 SM Version in ready!

Category : L2

Dear All

The long awaited SMOS V650 is now ready for release and thus for you to use!

We (ESA and ESLs) have prepared it  tested it, run the reprocessing from beginning to now, and the operational processor is no ready to produce it giving you access to the whole data set!

The main features of the new versions are described in the release note made available with the new distribution. It capitalises as usual on the progresses made at level 1, but the most salient features are

  • the replacement of ECOCLIMAP by IGBP which enables to have i) an up to date land use map and ii) to be aligned with SMAP and Aquarius,
  • the use of CdF matching in mixed forest nominal pixels and much more accurate and
  • relevant DQX and Chi2
  • Finally the way the current files are updated is also improved.

As  a consequence the new version is « wetter » at high latitudes and around forested areas (with also higher VODs), more retrievals are successful. In terms of metrics with respect to our usual sparse and dense networks, both correlation coefficients and RMSE  are improved but also thereis no bias at all while the SDTE remains the same.

V651-SM

Difference (V650-V620) of averaged soil moisture (4 months per year January; April, July and October) during 7 years.

V650-Tau

Difference (V650-V620) of averaged vegetation opacity (4 months per year January; April, July and October) during 7 years.

Data and documentation available at the usual ESA / Array addresses

Note that the SM NRT are being updated. CATDS L3 will also be updated, but after we have corrected an issue with L3 temporal approach algorithm.

Have fun!

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