La neige de Pyeongchang

Connaissiez-vous ce dicton coréen "On n'est jamais trop prudent" ?

 

Voici une série d'images Sentinel-2 près du site olympique de Pyeongchang. On voit de la neige artificielle apparaître dès le mois de novembre !

 

neige Pyeongchang

 

Les images suivantes montrent qu'au cours du mois de janvier de la neige naturelle a finalement recouvert le site...

The operational production of the Theia Snow collection has started

Great news, we can announce that the operational production of the Theia snow collection has started well. It means that maps of the snow cover area are now constantly added to the Theia portal. These maps are automatically generated from Sentinel-2 observations and have a spatial resolution of 20 m. The Snow collection will progressively cover most mountain regions in west Europe, but also the Atlas in Morocco, eastern Canada... The Snow collection can be freely downloaded from http://theia.cnes.fr by any registered user.

 
Today's front page of the Theia website featured this nice example in Sierra de Ancares (western end of the Cantabrian Mountains, Spain). In the southeast, snow was also detected on the Montes Aquilanos, including the small ski resort El Morredero. The image was captured yesterday! It illustrates well the value of multispectral imagery to discriminate the snow cover from the clouds. There is a cloud which looks alike snow but it is actually a valley fog confined by local topography.
 

Theia Sentinel-2 level 2A and snow product in the region de los Ancares, Spain. Image captured by Sentinel-2A on 30 Jan 2018.

Theia Sentinel-2 level 2A and snow product in the region de los Ancares, Spain. Image captured by Sentinel-2A on 30 Jan 2018.


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Ceci n'est pas un aéroport

Sentinel-2 a acquis cette belle image de la campagne autour de Notre-Dame-des-Landes le 17 janvier 2018, le jour même où le Premier ministre annonçait que le projet d'aéroport du Grand Ouest était abandonné. Pour fêter l'occasion le ciel breton s'était éclairci !

Image Sentinel-2 de Notre-Dame-des-Landes. La zone d'aménagement différé (ZAD) est délimitée en rouge (polygone téléchargeable sur data.gouv.fr).

Canigou 3D

Lo Canigó és una magnòlia immensa
que en un rebrot del Pirineu se bada
- Jacint Verdaguer i Santaló

 

The Canigó is an immense magnolia
that blooms in an offshoot of the Pyrenees

 

3D view of the Canigou on 19-Dec-2017 (with a fancy tiltshift effect)

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Yesterday's snow cover area in the Pyrenees

Olivier pointed to me that ESA's ground segment, PEPS and MUSCATE were all in really good shape today... And the sky was clear yesterday at the time of the Sentinel-2A acquisition!

So I could download the Level-2A product from theia.cnes.fr, run our let-it-snow processor, start QGIS and here it is: the map of yesterday's snow cover area at 20 m resolution. If you know the region, you might notice that there is currently a big contrast in the snow cover extent between the French and the Spanish Pyrenees. This is due to the blocking of the moist air masses coming from the north.

Snow cover area on 22 Nov 2017. blue: snow, grey: no snow, white: cloud.

Stay tuned! Theia should start to distribute these Sentinel-2 snow products in near real time very soon.

L'Antarctique de nouveau sous l'œil de Sentinel-2

Après un hiver pleins de rebondissements en Antarctique, j'avais écris "il est temps que la luminosité revienne pour que les acquisitions Sentinel-2 redémarrent !".

Ça y est ! Le paysage qui se découvre petit-à-petit sous l’œil de Sentinel-2 est toujours aussi somptueux et pleins de surprises. Par exemple, la première image claire de la langue flottante du glacier de l'Île du Pin montre l'iceberg géant qui s'est décroché en septembre. Nous avions suivi l'évolution de la fissure à l'origine de ce détachement l'été dernier avec Sentinel-2. En zoomant, on peut apercevoir le bleu éclatant de la glace comprimée d'un iceberg renversé. Ce mini iceberg couvre quand même une surface équivalente à 20 terrains de football.


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Evolution of the snow cover area in the Pyrenees from MODIS

The Cesbio contributes to the Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory (OPCC) through the analysis of the snow cover evolution using satellite imagery. We are working on three remote sensing products in the framework of the CLIM'PY project:

    1. Daily cloud-free maps of the snow cover area in the Pyrenees at 500 m resolution since 2000 from MODIS [1];
    2. Maps of the snow cover area in the Pyrenees at 20 m and 30 m resolution since 2013 from Sentinel-2 and Landsat-8 [2];
    3. Maps of the annual peak snow depth in the Bassiès-Vicdessos region at 4 m resolution since 2015 (i.e., one map per year) from Pléiades stereo imagery [3].

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Snow cover in the High Mountain Asia on 13 May 1960

TIROS-1 weather satellite was launched by NASA on 01 April 1960. It took the first weather satellite picture on 02 April 1960 [1], and also the real first weather satellite picture on 01 April 1960 [2].
 
On 02 April 1960, it also captured what I believe is the first publicly available satellite picture of the snow cover in the Alps (picture 1 below). A few weeks later, on 13 May 1960, it captured a stunning view of the snow cover over the High Mountain Asia, including the Himalayas, Hindu Kush, Pamir and Karakoram ranges. These pictures are shown in the TIROS-1 final report [3].


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