SPOT4(Take5) : Cloud statistics after one month

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We have now received all the L1A images of the SPOT4(Take5) experiment taken between January the 31st and March the 10th, for which at least some part of the surface is visible. We ortho-rectify these images to obtain level 1C products, but sometimes, the cloud cover is still too high to process the image. We can use all these productions to derive some statistics about cloud cover.

 

Proportion of images processed at Level 1A and Level 1C for the sites selected by each agency.
Institution Images acquired L1A processed L1C processed % L1A % L1C
CNES 324 184 157 56 % 49 %
JRC 54 29 27 53 % 50 %
ESA 84 41 34 49 % 40 %
NASA 48 26 26 54% 54%
CCRS 6 1 1 17 % 17 %

 

Between 40% and 50% of the images taken are sufficiently clear so that the ortho-rectification is feasible. When the production of all cloud masks (level2A) is finished, we will be able to compute the number of cloud free observations for each pixel.

After having looked at all the images in Europe or North Africa, we can confirm that all the pixels of these sites have been observed at least once without clouds, except for 3 sites : CAlsace, EBelgium and CTunisia (!). For the site in Alsace, we had to wait until the 4th of March, and until the 10th of March for the site in Tunisia. And up to now, only a little part of the site in Belgium has been observed, on the 8th of March.

 

Number of images acquired in February,
as a function of their cloud cover
Site Clouds < 10% 10% < Clouds < 50% 50% < Clouds < 80% 80% < Clouds
Alpes 2 0 2 2
Alsace 0 0 0 6
Ardèche 1 1 0 4
Loire 1 0 3 2
Bretagne 1 0 1 4
Languedoc 0 2 2 2
Provence 2 3 1 0
SudmipyO 1 1 1 3
SudmipyE 1 1 1 3
VersaillesE 2 0 1 3

In France, despite a very cloudy month of February, the 5 days repetitivity enabled to observe nearly each site at least once. But if SPOT4 had only imaged one out of two overpasses, only the sites in Versailles, Provence and the Alps would have been observed in any case.

 

This result confirms that it is absolutely necessary to launch both Sentinel-2 satellites with a short time interval, so enable the numerous operational applications that need to rely on a monthly clear observation. And it would be a pity if the recent GMES/Copernicus budget cuts resulted in delaying the Sentinel-2B satellite, reducing the repetitivity to only 10 days for several long years.

Posted under: In English, Sentinel-2, SPOT4 (Take 5)

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